Malnutrition or malnourishment is a condition that results from eating adiet in which nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems. It may involve calories, protein,carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals. Not enough nutrients is calledundernutrition or undernourishment while too much is calledovernutrition. Malnutrition is often used specifically to refer to undernutrition where there is not enough calories, protein, ormicronutrients. If undernutrition occurs during pregnancy, or before two years of age, it may result in permanent problems with physical and mental development. Extreme undernourishment, known as starvation, may have symptoms that include: a short height, thin body, very poor energy levels, and swollen legs and abdomen People also often get infections and are frequently cold. The symptoms of micronutrient deficiencies depend on the micronutrient that is lacking.