The Industrial Revolution is the period encompassing the vast social and economic changes that resulted from the development of steam-powered machinery and mass-production methods. It began in about 1760 in Great Britain
and extending through some of the first half of the nineteenth century.
The lives of large sections of the population of Great Britain
underwent massive changes during the industrial revolution. Work became
more regimented and disciplined and began to take place outside the
home. A movement of the population to the cities from the countryside
produced dramatic changes in lifestyle.
The Industrial belt of Britain stretched from the Scottish lowlands
to the valleys of southern Wales. The establishment of major factory
centers helped develop networks of canals, roads, and railroads. Some of
these major factory centers are Derbyshire, Lancashire, Manchester,
Nottinghamshire, and Yorkshire. This is where the proletariat class was
born. The Industrial Revolution helped create opportunities for
employment for all members of the family. However, any improvement to
the quality of life for the laboring class had come from a hard and
bitter experience from factory labor.