First part of the answer
STANZA – 1
I come from haunts of coot and hern
I make a sudden sally,
And sparkle out among the fern,
To bicker down a valley.
Ø The brook starts from those places which are often visited by the coot and hern (heron). The brook emerges suddenly in this hilly area. It moves through the ferns and sparkles when the sunshine reflects the crystal clear water. And when the brook moves creates a lot of noise.
Poetic devices used –
· ‘I” (Line-1) – The whole poem brook is personified
· ‘hern’ is an example of poetic license. The word ‘heron’ has been turned into ‘hern’ to match the rhyming word ‘hern’.
· ‘I` ................`(Line – 1)
‘I...............`(Line – 2) Anaphora
· “Sudden sally” (Alliteration)
· “Bicker” – (onomatopoeia)
STANZA – 2
By thirty hills I hurry down,
Or slip between the ridges,
By twenty thorps, a little town,
And half a hundred bridges.
This stanza is an account of the brook’s flowing through different areas. The poet has created wonderful imageries when we read the brook flowing by thirty hills, slipping between ridges (long narrow hills), twenty villages, a little town and fifty bridges.
Poetic Devises in use –
1) By thirty hills I hurry down (Inversion)
2) Twenty thorpes (Alliteration)
3) By .............................(Line – 1)
By (Line -3) – Repetition
STANZA – 3
Till last by Philip’s farm I flow
To join the brimming river,
For men may come and men may go,
But I go on for ever.
The poet here tells us about the merging point of the brook. The brook joins an overflowing river here Philips farm is symbolised as a land mark of the ending of the journey of the brook. Last two lines are the refrain bearing the main theme of the poem. The brook is ever flowing, eternal without ceasing whereas we, the men are ephemeral. We shall not live forever. We are subject to decay, decline and death.
Poetic – Devices in use
1. Till last by Philip’s farm I flow (inversion)
2. Men may (Alliteration)
3. Come ..............go (Line-3) (Antithesis)
STANZA – 4
I chatter over stony ways,
In little sharps and trebles,
I bubble into eddying bays,
I babble on the pebbles.
The brook goes on the stony path creating chattering sounds. It makes sharp high pitched sound when the brook clashes on the side banks of the land. It makes bubbles when it falls from height in the spiral movement. When it moves on the pebbles it creates soft pleasing sound.
Poetic Devices in use:
1. ‘Chatter`, ‘trebles`, ‘babble` - onomatopoeia.
2. Line – 3 and Line – 4 – Anaphora.
STANZA – 5
With many a curve my banks I fret
By many a field and fallow,
And many a fairy foreland set
With willow-weed and mallow.
The brook moves on taking many curves and creates rough and unpleasant sound on the banks of the brook. The brook moves through many field and uncultivated lands. The brook goes through the foreland i.e. the land just before the merging point. The poet describes the land to be fairy land as with flowers and beautiful plants like willow and mallow it looks so.
Poetic Devices in use:
1. “With many a curve my banks I fret” – Inversion.
2. “fairly foreland”,” with willow seed” – Alliteration.