Dipole dipole interaction occur due to the unequal sharing of electrons between atoms in a molecule. Those atoms that are more electronegative pull the bonded electrons closer to themselves. The buildup of electron density around an atom or discreet region of a molecule can result in a molecular dipole in which one side of the molecule possesses a partially negative charge and the other side a partially positive charge. Molecules with dipoles that are not canceled by their molecular geometry are said to be polar.
the dipole–induced-dipole interaction, also depends on the presence of a polar molecule. The second participating molecule need not be polar; but, if it is polar, then this interaction augments the dipole–dipole interaction described above. In the dipole–induced-dipole interaction, the presence of the partial charges of the polar molecule causes apolarization, or distortion, of the electron distribution of the other molecule. As a result of this distortion, the second molecule acquires regions of partial positive and negative charge, and thus it becomes polar. The partial charges so formed behave just like those of a permanently polar molecule and interact favourably with their counterparts in the polar molecule that originally induced them. Hence, the two molecules cohere. This interaction also contributes to the intermolecular forces that are responsible for the condensation of hydrogen chloride gas.