The people’s congress system is China’s fundamental political system. The Constitution of the PRC provides that state power belongs to the people. The NPC and local people’s congresses at all levels are organs representing the people in exercising state power. The First NPC in 1954 marked the establishment of the system. The people’s congresses have four main functions and powers: legislation, supervision, appointment and removal of officials, and making decisions on major issues. These functions are a major reflection of the way the Chinese people exercise their power as masters of the state through the people’s congress system. To persist, improve and develop the system is an important part of the building of political democracy in China. Since the Third Session of the 11th Plenary Session of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 1978, the people’s congress system has seen constant improvement and development. The past 50 years have proved that the people’s congress system accords with the national conditions of China. It not only ensures that people exercise state power in a concerted way and gives full play to their enthusiasm and initiative as masters of the state, but also creates favorable conditions for state organs to share the work and help one another in organizing the socialist construction.