F.Theobald (1994) suggested that "etymologically, the word tour is
derived from the Latin word, 'tornare' and the Greek word, 'tornos', meaning 'a lathe or
circle; the movement around a central point or axis'. This meaning changed in
modern English to represent 'one's turn'.
Tourism is the travel for recreational, leisure, family or business purposes, usually of a limited duration. Tourism is commonly associated with trans-national travel, but may also refer to travel to another location within the same country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes". Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. Tourism can be domestic or international, and international tourism has both incoming and outgoing implications on a country's balance of payments. Today, tourism is a major source of income for many countries, and affects the economy of both the source and host countries, in some cases it is of vital importance.