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Let us say mass of the friends is m kg each. For example...

We apply the conservation of momentum principle here. Let us say the ball of 2 kg is thrown with a velocity u by one friend on the left, towards his friend on the right. We take u as the horizontal component of velocity. Initially the friends were stationary. Let the friend on the left move further left with a velocity v.

m v + 2 kg * u = 0      v = - 2 u / m

Let us say the second friend move further to right with a velocity V after catching the ball.

2 * u + m * 0 = (m+2) * V

V = 2 u / (m+2)

The friends separate with a relative speed =

V - v =  2u / (m+2)  + 2 u / m
          = 2 u  [ 2m + 2 ]  / m (m+2)

       = 2 u  * 2m / m * m      = 4 u / m          if  m >>2 kg

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