The role of the government is to protect people
against the natural calamities like floods, cyclones, famines, etc. The
floods occur in India some part or the other every two years. Government
officials are now able to plan and execute properly their
responsibilities during floods.
First of all, government warns
people in the localities through media (TV, newspaper etc). They
evacuate people from low altitude areas (low lying areas) to a safer
location nearby. They provide food and shelter for a week or so.
Officials, army or navy fly in helicopters around the affected areas to
check if any people are stuck in floods. They save some persons from
drowning. They to supply medicines so that diseases do not spread.
Communication with the people is maintained by telephones.
the floods subside, the people are shifted back to their localities.
Government may assess damage due to floods and cyclones, and give
concessions to the people on loans. Government may give some financial
help to people to restart their lives.
During the recent floods
at uttaranchal, the people had been cared for. During the cyclones in
the coasts of Orissa and AP, also government had taken relevant steps in
a good way.