Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck (1 August 1744 – 18 December 1829), often known simply asLamarck, was a French naturalist. He was a soldierbiologistacademic, and an early proponent of the idea that evolution occurred and proceeded in accordance with natural laws. He gave the term biology a broader meaning by coining the term for special sciences,chemistrymeteorologygeology, and botany-zoology.

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