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When a person is able to view nearby distances and not far away objects, that person suffers from Short sightedness or Myopia.  can only focus clearly for short distances.

This is the answer - Myopia.

when a person cannot focus well for short distances, but can focus for distant objects, then it is hypermetropia or long sightedness.

It is Myopia or shortsightedness
Myopia is the medical term of nearsightedness or shortsightedness
and people who are suffering from Myopia they see objects more clear when they are very close to eye

Its long sightness
no its shortsightedness
You just read the text book