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  • Brainly User
2014-09-12T12:01:59+05:30
The electrostatic force of attraction between the
oppositely charged ions is called an ionic bond.
The electrons are shown as dots and crosses
to show how they have moved during the reaction.
In reality all electrons are identical.
The balanced chemical equation for the above reaction issodium + chlorine     sodium chloride.
2Na(s)  +    Cl2(g)                 2NaCl(s)The Reaction between Sodium and Chlorine.Chlorine has 7 electrons in its outer shell.
It is in group 7 of the periodic table.
When an atom of chlorine reacts
it will gain one electron from sodium.
The outer shell of chlorine will then
have 8 electrons and be full.
The chloride ion will have an extra electron and
therefore an extra negative charge 


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2014-09-12T13:14:04+05:30
Sodium has 11 electrons and Chloride 17 .Sodium has 2 unstable electrons that be lost to make it stable.When Chloride has 7 unstable electrons and needs only 1 electrons to be come stable. When sodium and chloride react,sodium loses its electron and it is gained by chloride there by forming a compound sodium chloride NaCl
This how the Sodium and Chlorine forms Ionic Bonds.....
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SODIUM CONVERTS IN TO SODIUM CATION BY DONATING A SINGLE ELECTRON AND ATTAINS EIGHT ELECTORN VALENCE SHELL STABLE ELCTRONIC CONFIGUARTION, SIMILARLY CL TAKES ONE ELCTRON AND CONVERTS IN TO CHLORIDE ANION AND ATTAINS STABLE ELECTRONIC CONFIGURATION. BOTH SODIUM AND CHLORIDE MINUS MAKES IONIC BOND BY ELECTROSTATIC ATTRACTION.