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2014-09-14T09:17:30+05:30

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After the rain a number of small droplets of water remain suspended in the air. Each drop acts as a small prism. When sunlight falls on these drops the white light spills into seven colours. The dispersed light from a large number of drops forms a continuous band of seven colours. 
This coloured band is called a RAINBOW.
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2014-09-15T02:03:54+05:30

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Certified answers contain reliable, trustworthy information vouched for by a hand-picked team of experts. Brainly has millions of high quality answers, all of them carefully moderated by our most trusted community members, but certified answers are the finest of the finest.
After a rain in the fore noon or after noon when the sun rays are making  angle of 40 to 42 degrees with the horizontal then we have a possibility of  primary rainbow.

See diagram.

First, the Sun rays are refracted in to water drops suspended in air some hundreds of meters in to the sky.  Then those light rays are totally internally reflected and then refracted to reach the human eye at a cone angle of 40 to 42 degrees.

Red color is visible on top and violet is on the bottom of the rain bow seven color band. The dispersion of light takes place at the last refracting surface of water drops. Rain bow forms in a full circle. But we see only a semi circular arc from the ground.

A secondary rain bow is also formed with violet on top and red below other colors.
It is fainter than the primary rain bow. It is due to two total internal reflections before the light emerges out of the water drops.



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