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2014-09-18T21:04:42+05:30

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RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY was a great social reformer in that time.
Evils prevaling in Indian Society during Raja Ram Mohan Roy:

i) Religious bigotry 
ii) Polytheism
iii) Female Infanticide
iv) No education for girls
v) No widow remarriage
vi) Purdah system
vii) Child marriage
viii) Sati
ix) Social inequalities
x) Rigid caste system
xi) Supremacy of priestly caste.

How he fought against social evils:
i) He studied the Vedas, the Bible, the Koran. This convinced him that all religion preached the same fundamental truths. he condemned priests who exploited and mislead people into practicing customs like sati and child marriage.
ii) He strongly believed that the vedas contained the essense of Hinduism. He fought against the evil practises in Hindu society.
iii) He founded the Brahmo Samaj in 1828. The Brahmo Samaj helped in the following ways:
a) Abolition of Sati and child marriage
b) widow remarriage
c) denounced the caste system
d) modern education for all
e) promoted equality of rights for women and their right to property.
 
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2014-09-18T21:13:00+05:30
1.SINGURAL OR MULTIPLE IDENTITIES
A.IF PEOPLE THINKS THAT THEY HAVE ONLY ONE IDENTITY ON THE BASIS OF STATE OR A LANGUAGE GROUP OR A SOCIAL OR RELEGIOUS COMMUNITY, THEIR DIFFERENCES CANNOT BE RECONCILED.
B.ON THE OTHER HAND IF THE PEOPLE THINKS THAT THEIR IDENTITIES ARE MULTIPLE THAT IS NATIONAL IDENTITY AS WELL AS IDENTITY BASED ON STATE AND LANGUAGE ETC, IT BECOMES EASIER TO RECONCILED.

2.RAISING OF DEMANDS OF ANY COMMUNITY BY THE LEADERS.
LEADERS CAN RAISE THE DEMANDS OF VARIOUS COMMUNITIES WITHIN THE CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK OR AGAINST IT.IF THE DEMAND ARE WITHIN THE CONTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK AND NOT AT THE LEVEL OF ANOTHER COMMUNITY, THEY CAN BE EASILY ACCEPTED OTHERWISE DEMANDS MAY NOT BE ACCEPTED AND MAY LEAD TO VIOLENT STRUGGLES OR DIVISION OF THE COUNTRY.

3.POLICY AND REACTION OF GOVERNMENT TOWARDS DEMANDS OF VARIOUS COMMUNITIES.
THE OUTCOMES OF POLICY OF SOCIAL DIVISION DEPENDS ON THE POLICY OF GOVT TOWARDS THE DEMANDS OF VARIOUS COMMUNITIES. IF THE POLICY OF ACCOMUDATION  TOWARDS THE DEMANDS OF MINORITY IS FOLLOWED, SOCIAL DIVISION BECOME LESS DANGEROUS.

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