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In the world of increasing food demand scientists are trying to produce more crop in the barren farmland and in unfavorable condition. Usually in those areas water, soil condition, and temperature are not favourable for agricultural production. Waterlogging is one of the most hazardous natural occurrences, which can also be called as flood, submergence, soil saturation, anoxia, and hypoxia, which are generally used to describe waterlogging conditions depending upon the moisture or water level on the field. Generally, two types of flooding are present in the field: (1) waterlogging, in which root and some portion of the shoot goes under water, and (2) complete submergence, where the whole plant goes under water.
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Wheqt, barley and maize tolerate it whereas in orchards and other such plantations, waterlogging is destructive.