From the perspective of change, all social systems rest on three bases: a set of principles that form an axiomatic basis of ethics and values; a set of processes - the functioning mechanisms and institutions that undergird the system; and the subjective states that constitute our inner being - our personal feelings and intuitions in the deepest sense.The first of these bases of change describes how we understand and rationalise the workings of the social order, while the third describes how we understand ourselves.Some of this understanding revolves around our own place in the social order, but it also concerns the deeper questions we ask ourselves about the meaning of human existence and the nature of reality.
When we explore any episode of historical change, we can identify how thesethree bases of change have worked together to produce a particular set ofpower relations. For example, the evolution of capitalism was built on theaxiomatic basis that individual self-interest leads - by and large - to collective5welfare. Its institutional structures are rooted in private property and market based insentives. and the subjective state of being most compatible with capitalism is a commitment to individual advancement and competitive behaviour