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He was the first Indian scholar who studied wholly in India received the Nobel Prize. 

C.V. Raman is one of the most renowned scientists produced by India. His full name was Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. For his pioneering work on scattering of light, C.V. Raman won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930. 

Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman was born on November 7, 1888 in Tiruchinapalli, Tamil Nadu. He was the second child of Chandrasekhar Iyer and Parvathi Amma. His father was a lecturer in mathematics and physics, so he had an academic atmosphere at home. He entered Presidency College, Madras, in 1902, and in 1904 passed his B.A. examination, winning the first place and the gold medal in physics. In 1907, C.V. Raman passed his M.A. obtaining the highest distinction.
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SIR CHANDRASEKHARA VENKATA RAMAN was an indian physicist whose work was influential in the growth of science in INDIA.He was the recipient of the nobel prize for physics in 1930 for the discovery of the light that is deflected changes in wavelength.This phenomenon is now called RAMAN SCATTERING and is the result of the Raman effect
CV RAMAN was born at thiruvanaikaval,near tiruchirapalli ,madras province,chennai,in british occupied INDIA to R.Chandrasekhara iyer and Parvati ammal.he was second of their five children.
In 1904 he passed his BA examination in first place and won the gold medal in physisics ,and in 1907 he gained his MA degree with the highest distinctions.