The Kashmir Floods and Direct Impacts:
Jhelum floods had affected the
regions around Srinagar. About50 bridges were damaged. Landslides caused by
heavy rains blocked roads, damaged buildings and crops also. Due to the floods
and rains, the highway traffic had been cut off for 4 days. Many trains were
halted. Even flights were also cancelled.
There were about 400 villages
submerged. Over a thousand villages affected badly. Two lakhs of people were
evacuated from their places. Links to
rest of the country was cut off for 4 days.
The floods caused directly and indirectly 10 lakhs of the population. Communication
facilities, accessibility, availability of supplies (food related),
agriculture, and the livestock. There
have been heavy losses to the assets of various types including public infrastructure.
There was a terrible damage and
impact on the roads, markets, food price rise. The water resources were
contaminated. Medical facilities were required to restrict contagious
diseases. A lot of clothes and blankets
were needed for affected people. Basic facilities such as shelter and food had
to be given to the dislocated people.
J & K is a agrarian economy.
Most of its population lives on agriculture: rice, fruits, dry fruits, and also
on animal husbandry.
Rice, maize, vegetable and fruit
crops are lost. Due to that (yield) supplies are affected. The affected land
may not be as fertile as before. There will be loss of seeds. Due to the
reduced availability of food stocks, the prices are increased and amount
available to each family is reduced. The food stocks at each house are also
affected. Their assets inside house are damaged. The poorest work, earn and eat each day. Their limited supplies are lost totally. The public distribution systems are partially
disrupted due to accessibility problems.
Water supplies are also affected (contaminated). Hygiene is a very
important concern too.
Impact in monetary terms:
The assessment of the damage to property is
estimated to be Rs 5,000 crores. The total loss could be estimated in Rs billions.
The economy of J & K will take years to restore the status of people in the
affected regions. Thousands of crores
are already granted by the central government and 100s of crores are marked by
the J&K government for the repair and compensation to the affected.
The business and markets and
hence revenue is affected. To repair damaged things, it requires a lot effort
and funds. The economy of J & K goes behind some months in the affected