That women might have the chance of a healthier and happier life should be reason enough for promoting girls' education. However, there are also important benefits for society as a whole. An educated woman has the skills, information and self-confidence that she needs to be a better parent, worker and citizen.An educated woman is, for example, likely to marry at a later age and have fewer children. Cross-country studies show that an extra year of schooling for girls reduces fertility rates by 5 to 10 per cent. And the children of an educated mother are more likely to survive. In India, for example, the infant mortality rate of babies whose mothers have received primary education is half that of children whose mothers are illiterate.An educated woman will also be more productive at work -- and better paid. Indeed, the dividend for educational investment is often higher for women than men. Studies from a number of countries suggest that an extra year of schooling will increase a woman's future earnings by about 15 per cent, compared with 11 per cent for a man.Over recent decades there has certainly been significant progress in girl's education. Between 1970 and 1992, combined primary and secondary enrolment for girls in developing countries rose from 38 per cent to 68 per cent -- with particularly high rates in East Asia (83 per cent) and Latin America (87 per cent). But there is still some way to go. In the least developed countries enrolment rates are only 47 per cent at the primary level and 12 per cent at the secondary level.What would it take to improve girls' access to education? Experience in scores of countries shows the importance, among other things, of:Parental and community involvement -- Families and communities must be important partners with schools in developing curriculum and managing children's education.Low-cost and flexible timetables -- Basic education should be free or cost very little. Where possible, there should be stipends and scholarships to compensate families for the loss of girls' household labour. Also, school hours should be flexible so children can help at home and still attend classes.Schools close to home, with women teachers -- Many parents worry about girls travelling long distances on their own. Many parents also prefer to have daughters taught by women.Preparation for school -- Girls do best when they receive early childhood care, which enhances their self-esteem and prepares them for school.Relevant curricula -- Learning materials should be relevant to the girl's background and be in the local language. They should also avoid reproducing gender stereotypes.

Napoleon was once asked, what the great need of France was. He answered,” Nation’s progress is impossible without trained and edu­cated mothers.If the women of my country are not educated, about half of the people will be ignorant.”A woman has to play three roles in the course of her life. Each of these roles expects some duties from her.It is only with the help of education that she would be able to do them successfully. The first duty of a woman is to be a good daughter.The second duty is to be a good wife and third duty is to be a good mother. Education teaches a woman what she should be. It also teaches her how she should do it to be good daughter, a good wife and a good mother.Many men spend their evening time at clubs and societies. But a gentleman with an educated wife will not feel the need of a club or a society.He can share his thoughts with her. He can have her advice in trouble. He can spend his leisure in her pleasant company.An edu­cated lady is a good friend, a clever nurse and a useful adviser to her husband. So she is a true help-mate. She can get her husband’s affec­tion and regard. An educated lady is always able to share his sorrows.There is a saying in English” The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world”. The meaning is that the mother exercises a very great influ­ence over the lives of her children. She is able to mould their thoughts and character.If she is educated, she will make such impression on the mind of her children that will enable them in the later life to grow into a great man.Jeeja Bai mother of Shivaji wished to make Shivaji a great man. It was Shivaji who overthrew Mughal Empire and became what his mother wished.It is true that education will enable women to make their parents, husbands and children truly happy. Hence it is very necessary that women should be educated. An educated girl is more important than an educated boy.