The first recorded use of the word "hockey" is from the 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New Mode of Infant Education, by Richard Johnson (Pseud. Master Michel Angelo), whose chapter XI was titled "New Improvements on the Game of Hockey". The belief that hockey was mentioned in a 1363 proclamation by King Edward III of England is based on modern translations of the proclamation, which was originally in Latin and explicitly forbade the games "Pilam Manualem, Pedivam, & Bacularem: & ad Canibucam & Gallorum Pugnam". The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in 1720.The word hockey itself is of unknown origin. One explanation is that it is a derivative of hoquet, a Middle French word for a shepherd's stave. The curved, or "hooked" ends of the sticks used for hockey would indeed have resembled these staves. Another explanation is that the cork bungs that replaced wooden balls in the 18th century came from barrels containing "Hock" ale, also called "Hocky".
Hockey became famous in India when the British Teams played the game in India and introduced it in the British Indian Regiments who quickly picked up the game. The first hockey club was formed in Calcutta at the year of 1885. Hockey is always played between two teams. Each team has around 11 people including the goal keeper. Before the game begins, the captains of both the teams have to do a toss (like in cricket), for the choice of ends or doing pass. The hockey field is rectangular in shape. Its yards may vary. As you may know the longer boundary lines are known as side lines. When it comes to the game, a player who has been substituted by another player can re-enter the field of play as a substitute for another player. There are two umpires who control the game and administrate the rules. You may say them as the judge of the game. So what about the goals? When a ball passes completely over the goal-lines, between the goal posts and under the cross bars, a goal is scored! I would like to conclude by saying that, Hockey might not be as famous as Cricket or Soccer but is still our nations favourite sport.