The culture of Bengal (Bengali: বাঙ্গালী সংস্কৃতি — Bāṅgālī Sanskr̥ti) encompasses cultures in the Bengal region, which today consists of the independent nation of Bangladesh (East Bengal), and the Indian state of West Bengal. The two geographical entities share many cultural traits which root from their historical association.................................Religion -Pohela Baishakh celebration in DhakaAncient Bengal was the seat of Buddhism.During the Mauryan period, Pundravardhana, corresponding northern Bengal, was the seat of culture and political activities; and in the third century B.C. both of Buddhism and Jainism were prevalent in northern Bengal. This Buddhist tradition continued for centuries up to the end of the Pala period.The period was marked by the establishment of some Buddhist colleges and universities, the remains of one of which still can be found at Paharpur. From the twelfth century, under royal patronage of the Sena rulers, there was the revival of Brahmanical Hinduism; and because of the introduction of Kulinism and torture on the Buddhists and Yogis, the path was made ready for the spread of Islam from the thirteenth century onward. With the elapse of time, Shaktism became very prominent in Bengal; and from the end of the fifteenth century, Vaishnavism also grew to be popular under the leadership of Shri Chaitanya.Centuries after the demise of Chaitanya, Bhakti Vedantaswami Prabhupada made Bengal's Vaishnavism a factor of Krishna consciosuness all over the world. There are many bhajans (devotional prayers to Bhagavan, Supreme Personality of Godheadm Krsna, and his devotees), which are written in Bengali language.