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This industry does not require a lot of capital money like other major industries.  It is a consumer related industry.  The products  are generally consumer items.

Light industries are those not so capital intensive than Heavy industries like petrochemicals, petroleum products, fertilizers, power generation, metals, cars etc.

The light industries are not so harmful to people or environment as compared to heavy industry.  They need less labour too.

Some examples of light industry
      Manufacturing of clothes, bulbs, furniture items like sofa, steel almiras (cupboards), match boxes, computer assembly, electronic gadgets, household appliances like a mixer and cooker, manufacture of TV, leather or cloth or plastic bags, making of glass items or lenses.

Light industry is usually less capital intensive than heavy industry, and is more consumer-oriented than business-oriented (i.e., most light industry products are produced for end users rather than as intermediates for use by other industries). Light industry facilities typically have less environmental impact than those associated with heavy industry, and zoning laws are more likely to permit light industry near residential areas. It is the production of small consumer goods.One economic definition states that light industry is a "manufacturing activity that uses moderate amounts of partially processed materials to produce items of relatively high value per unit weight".Examples of light industries include the manufacturing of clothes, shoes, furniture, consumer electronics and home appliances. Conversely, ship building would fall under heavy industry