Chess game has its origins in Eastern part of India, it is believed. The pieces used in the game had different shapes. However, it was played by the rich, kings, or scholars. The written evidence in Sanskit documents or inscriptions shows that Shatranj was played in the Golden Gupta era in 6th century. It travelled to Europe via muslim culture.
The game was also found to have been played in Persia too during 6th century.
The modern form of Chess is due to the modified version from Europe during 15th century. Perhaps from Italy and Spain.