The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state. Recent estimates show that in 20 states and 7 union territories the poverty ratio is less than the national average. It is still a serious problem in Orissa, Bihar, Tripura and Uttar pradesh. Orissa and Bihar are the two poorest state with poverty ratio 47 and 43%. There has been a significant decline in poverty in kerala, Jammu and Kashmir, Andra pradesh, Tamil nadu, Gujarat, West Bengal and states like punjab and haryana.
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The proportion of poor is not the same in every state. Though there has been a decline in poverty in every state from the early seventies, the success rate of reducing poverty has varied from state to state. In 20 states and union territories, the poverty ratio is less than the national average of 26. In others, the poverty ratios are higher than the national average. Among these, Orrisa and Bihar continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios of 47 and 43 per cent respectively. Both rural and urban poverty are quite high in these states. On the other hand, states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir and West Bengal have shown a significant decline in poverty. Public distribution of food grains, focus on human resource development, high agricultural development and land reform measures are some of the factors responsible for the decline in poverty in these states.
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