Since the days of the lndus Valley Civilization, lndian culture hasbeen the product of a synthesis of diverse cultures and religions thatcame into contact with the enormous lndian sub continent over a verylong stretch of time. As Jawaharlal Nehru rrotes, there is "an unbrokencontinuity between the mosi: modern and the most ancient phases ofHindu thought extending ove- three thousand years."' The rights of manhave been the concern of all civilizations from time immemorial. "Theconcept of the rights of man and other fundamental rights was notunknown to the people of earlier periods."' The Babylonian Laws and theAssyrian laws in the Middle East, the "Dharma" of the Vedic period inlndia and the jurisprudence of Lao-Tze and Confucius in China, havechampioned human rights thr~~ughoui the history of human civilization.