1)caste system became very rigid
2)at the same numerous new regions & religious movements were witnessed by the people.
3)janapadas became mahajanapadas.
4)the powers of tribal councils were declined.
4)the autonomy of the king increased and he became a monarch.
4)new languages are also started but sanskrit remained at high position.
ex.the people used to talk the prakrit and pali languages,mainly the peple of sudras.