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The introduction of the panchayati raj system through the 73rd amendment of the indian constitution tried to address this by prescribing a three-tier system of governance for the entire country, effective since 1993.The Panchayats are expected to play an important role in rural development in India, particularly after independence. Plan documents of both the central and state governments and various committees have emphasized the importance of these bodies in the polity. Five-year plans, specially the second five-year plan, laid special emphasis on the role of Panchayat rural developments.hence Panchayati Raj benefited the villages and the people.
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The panchayati raj is a South Asian political system mainly in IndiaPakistanBangladesh and Nepal. It is the oldest system of local government in the Indian subcontinent. The word "panchayat" literally means "assembly" (ayat) of five (panch) wise and respected elders chosen and accepted by the local community.Panchayats can reach where the bureaucrats can’t. India has accepted this fact with grace. Each village has its own set of issues, which only the locals can understand. Members of a Panchayat are far more cognizant of the region-specific problems, and thus they are capable of taking a more informed decision in favour of the people of their village or tehsil. Moreover, this mechanism of local self-governance acts as a force to counter the dominance of a particular group or caste in a village.
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