What is a speech?Speeches are talks delivered in public on formal and informal occasions.There are many types of speeches such as 'welcome speech', 'thank you speech' and 'farewell speech'. Besides, there are also speeches on topics of interest and social issues.The PRESENT TENSE IS USUALLY USED when you write out a speech.Sample question:You are the head prefect in your school. At the beginning of the new school term, you have been asked to remind students about the school regulations. Write out yourspeech using the notes below:-ATTIRE:-School uniform-neat-wear white shoes and socksHair-boys - short-girls - short or long - long hair must be tied upNails-shortMake up-is not allowed in school!CONDUCT:--No loitering-No handphones-No jewellery-No smoking-Be punctual-Respect teachers-Pay attention in class-No playing truantWhen writing the speech, remember to;- include all the points given- elaborate on the points- set out your speech correctly- write in paragraph

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The basic speech format is simple. 
It consists of three parts:an opening or introduction
the body where the bulk of the information is given
and an ending (or summary).
How to write a speech
Write your main ideas out incorporating your examples and research
Link them together making sure each flows in a smooth, logical progression
Write your ending, summarizing your main ideas briefly and end with a call for action
Write your introduction considering the 'hook' you're going to use to get your audience listening
An often quoted saying to explain the process is:Tell them what you're going to tell them (Introduction)Tell them (Body of your speech - the main ideas plus examples)Tell them what you told them (The ending)