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2014-12-22T02:15:55+05:30

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Total energy of the particle on surface of Earth
   = KE + PE = KE - G Me m / Re

  KE needed for escaping from the gravity of Earth = G Me m /Re.  Then the total energy of the particle will be zero. Hence, it will escape from the gravitational field.

  Energy given to the particle = 1/2 * G Me m / Re

   Total energy of the particle on surface of Earth = KE + PE = -1/2 G Me m / Re

Total energy of a particle in an orbit (radius R) around Earth has a total energy =
         - G Me m / R + 1/2 G Me m /R  = - 1/2 * G Me m / R

     Comparing the two above equations and as per the principle of conservation of energy,    The radius of the orbit = R = Re.

   hence, the particle stays on the surface of Earth.

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