When do you get to know that we have to put negative sign or positive sign to the given data to solve the problems in the chapter Light- Reflection and Refraction???

2
by timmy

2015-01-01T15:50:00+05:30

Certified answers contain reliable, trustworthy information vouched for by a hand-picked team of experts. Brainly has millions of high quality answers, all of them carefully moderated by our most trusted community members, but certified answers are the finest of the finest.
To know when to put positive and negative sign, you need to learn the sign convention used for mirrors and lenses. You can refer to your book. It is clearly explained there. See the example to have a better understanding.
2015-01-02T03:43:30+05:30

Certified answers contain reliable, trustworthy information vouched for by a hand-picked team of experts. Brainly has millions of high quality answers, all of them carefully moderated by our most trusted community members, but certified answers are the finest of the finest.

I am writing here for lenses.   It will be similar for mirrors.

The formula is always
1/v - 1/u = 1/f    and     magnification is  m = v/u = h'/h

Sign convention:

1.  Distances  u , v ,  f   measured against the direction of  rays from object are negative.  If object on the left, lens on the right side, then  u is negative.  Focal length for convex lens is +ve.  Focal length for  concave lens is negative.

2.  Distances or heights h or h' of objects and images which are erect (+Y direction) are positive. Inverted lengths h' or h  in -y direction are negative.

Substitute +ve or negative sign along with numerical values.

One good thing, you can do,  call  U, V, F, H, H' to be always positive and equal to |u|, | v | ,....

Then for a concave lens,  u = - U,  v = - V, f = -F.   h = H,  h' = H'
For a convex lens for real image,  h = H,  h' = -H'   f = F,  u = -U, v = -V.

Make a table of  all signs for cases of all virtual and real images for all lenses and mirrors.    Then only  you will understand it completely.

u r welcome timmy