Tea in kerala
The quality, and yield are highly dependent on the
climate. Tea bush (tea grown as a bush) is a tropical plant. It
grows well in the hot and humid climate.
The ideal temperatures are between 20 and 30 deg. C. Tea grows well in Kerala in regions where the
rain fall is good, like 150 to 300 cm annual rainfall, but distributed well
throughout the year. Kerala is in place
where north east and north west monsoons arrive. There should not be too much of dry hot
summer. Tea grows well in shade. Tea is planted on mountain slopes. There are
many mountains in kerala. The soil is
particularly suited for tea. The
minerals Phosperous and Potash present in soil have enhanced the quality of
Coffee in kerala
Coffee is grown in shade and along with a lot of spices. It depends on environment conditions and climate. Coffee needs rains. Soil organic matter must be slightly acidic (pH 6.0 – 6.5). The temperature and rain fall suit growth of
coffee in Kerala.
There seems to be a problem (disease on coffee leaves) due
to fungus Hemileia vastatrix. There is
another disease called coffee rot. The
leaves and coffee berries fall in the ground.
Also there are snakes causing nuisance.
Rubber in kerala.
Rubber needs hot and humid climate. The temperature could be around 25 to 35 degrees C. The annual rain fall should be more than 200
cm and rains should fall more or less through out the year. Kerala has two monsoons from south west and
south east. So it is suitable. Hills
slopes are suitable. A moderate height
of 500 meters above sea level is good. Kerala may be producing perhaps 800 thousand tonnes of
rubber per year.