The term clone is derived from the Ancient Greek.In botany, the term lusus was traditionally usedOrganism cloning  refers to the procedure of creating a new multicellular organism, genetically identical to another. In essence this form of cloning is an asexual method of reproduction, where fertilization or inter-gamete contact does not take place. Asexual reproduction is a naturally occurring phenomenon in many species, including most plants and some insects. Scientists have made some major achievements with cloning, including the asexual reproduction of sheep and cows. There is a lot of ethical debate over whether or not cloning should be used. However, cloning, or asexual propagation, has been common practice in the horticultural world for hundreds of years.. the first mammal to have been successfully cloned from an adult cell is" DOLLY"
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Dolly sheep was the first mammal to be cloned from adult cell rather than an embroy
Clones of adult animals are created by a process called somatic cell nuclear transfer. There are two variations of this method. They are the Roslin Technique and the Honolulu Technique. It is important to note that in all of these techniques the resulting offspring will be genetically identical to the donor and not the surrogate, unless the donated nucleus is taken from a somatic cell of the surrogate.


Cloning Techniques Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer

The Roslin Technique

The Honolulu Technique,etc..