There is a very long story that leads to this particular battle. I will try and summarize it with the following points:1. India had lost a war against China in 19622. Pandit Nehru had died in 19643. Pakistan saw this as an opportune moment to strike against IndiaThis battle is of significance largely due to the fact that it was the battle which turned the tide of the 1965 war towards India. Until this point, Pakistan had made significant territorial gains. However it was with this battle, one involving some amazing tactical moves on part of India, that boosted the morale of the Armed Forces to such an extent that by the time the ceasefire was implemented, Indian forces had reached Lahore.Some important points to note are:1. Pakistan in 1965 had a superior artillery as compared to India2. Pakistan was at it's strongest in terms of military preparation and countrywide stability3. India was still recovering from the military loss to China and the loss of one of it's greatest leader post Independence and a Prime Minister of 14 years
3 3 3