Urbanization is the natural phenomenon of
large population immigrates to one town gradually and continually over a period
of time. The town becomes a city and a
mega city. In India urban area means
more than millions of people. In western
countries the number is much lower. Due
to rapid development in the country the industrial and political centers are
Urbanization is good for the economy in some
senses. Economy increases. There is more employment. Standard of earning increases. The birthrate, death rate and fertility rates
are less in urban areas. Obviously it’s because
of better medical facilities. Fertility decreases because of tensions and
pressures faced by people.
People live with better sanitation, water,
electricity, education related facilities. Availability of good in the market
is better. Urban areas cause latest
commutation modes to develop like metros etc.
In rural areas people do not have the basic amenities that an average
city resident enjoys. Urbanization makes
competition among people. This also
indirectly enhances the performances.
However, rapid growth causes congestion and pollution too.
1950s less than a billion lived in cities. Now nearly 4 billion people in the
world live in urban areas. Let’s say
urbanization is good, as we all like it here. But we also want a well planned expansion. Hope the present and future authorities take
care of that.