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Cotton Textile Industry in India : Production, Growth and Problemsby Smriti Chand IndustriesImage Courtesy : Textile Industry in India : Production, Growth and Development!Growth and Development:India held world monopoly in the manufacturing of cotton textiles for about 3,000 years from about B.C. 1500 to A.D. 1500. In the middle ages, Indian cotton textile products were in great demand in the Eastern and European markets.The muslins of Dhaka, chintzes of Masulipatnam, calicos of Calicut, baftas of Cambay and gold-wrought cotton piece goods of Burhanpur, Surat and Vadodara acquired a worldwide celebrity by virtue of their quality and design.This industry could not survive in the face of strong competition from the modern mill industry of Britain which provided cheap and better goods as a result of Industrial Revolution in that country. Moreover, the British textile industry enjoyed political advantage at 

The first modem cotton textile mill was set up in 1818 atFort Glaster near Kolkata.