the economy of Punjab is characterized by a productive, increasing commercial agriculture, a diversity of small- and medium-scale industries, and the highest per capita income in nation. wheat and cotton are the principal crops. live-stock and poultry are also raised in large numbers. industries with large number of workers include cotton, woolen and silk textiles, metal products and machinery, food and beverages, and transport equipment and parts. others: hosiery, bicycles, sewing machines, and sporting goods.