India held world monopoly in the manufacturing of cotton textiles for about 3,000 years from about B.C. 1500 to A.D. 1500. In the middle ages, Indian cotton textile products were in great demand in the Eastern and European markets.

The muslins of Dhaka, chintzes of Masulipatnam, calicos of Calicut, baftas of Cambay and gold-wrought cotton piece goods of Burhanpur, Surat and Vadodara acquired a worldwide celebrity by virtue of their quality and design.Cotton cloth is produced in three different sectors viz., 1. Mills, 2. Power-looms and 3. Hand looms. Maharastra,Tamil nadu,Madya pradesh,Uttar pradesh,kerela and etc.