Mughal Emperor Akbar, as we know, came to rule a very small Mughal territory. He and his able successors transformed it to a pan-Indian power.

A determined imperialist, Mughal Emperor Akbar,  believed in constantly striving for expansion to keep ambitious neighbours in check. The expansion of the Mughal Empire started with Akbar and for forty years he made many conquests to build and consolidate a vast empire.

Akbar next turned to the Rajputs, a strong and proud nation who could be valuable allies for the Mughals. To woo as well as subjugate them, he was ready to offer them autonomy and other privileges. His Rajput policy comprised (a) friendship and marital ties and (b) war, if these fail.

Abu'l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar, known popularly as Akbar (IPA: [əkbər], literally "the great"; 14 October 1542 – 27 October 1605), also known as Akbar the Great or Akbar I,[6][7] was Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal Dynasty in India. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. A strong personality and a successful general, Akbar gradually enlarged the Mughal Empire to include nearly all of the Indian Subcontinent north of the Godavari river. His power and influence, however, extended over the entire country because of Mughal military, political, cultural, and economic dominance. To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centralised system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. In order to preserve peace and order in a religiously and culturally diverse empire, he adopted policies that won him the support of his non-Muslim subjects. Eschewing tribal bonds and Islamic state identity, Akbar strived to unite far-flung lands of his realm through loyalty, expressed through a Persianised culture, to himself as an emperor who had near-divine status.