Equality is a democratic ideal and in this age of democracy, it is the sine qua non of a democratic govt. The history of mankind is the history of equality and liberty. Throughout the nook and corner of the world the march of equality is received with cheers. Equality literally means a leveling process whereby the difference between the rich and the poor can be minimized. Equality is of different types. From the beginning of human civilization and the quest for knowledge, the political philosophers have tried to analyses this concept. Legal Equality or Civil Equality -It means that all are equal in the eyes of law and there is rule of law. It also means equal opportunity must be provided by law to all without any discrimination. All persons must be subjected to same civil law and without this democracy will be a theo­retical absurdity.Secondly, Social Equality :It means that all citizens in a society must be treated at par with each other and there will be no discriminatory treatment on the ground of race, sex, religion, education, caste etc. The Preamble of our Constitution aims at social equality and the directive principles of state policy further strengthens our cherished ambition. Thirdly,Political Equality-it is the nerve-center of a demo­cratic polity. Democracy emerged and thrives on this principle. It means that all the people must be provided with equal right in the field of vot­ing, contesting and holding public offices. The highest office of the land is within the reach of a common man in the street.Fourthly,Economic Equality-It means that wealth should be enjoyed by all equally. Last but not the least, National Equality –it means that all the nations of the world are equal. With the growth of international outlook the idea of 'one world one state' has been put forth by some writers to save this world from atomic warfare. All nations are equal in the eyes of inter­national law while dealing with other nations of the world.Thus, to conclude, equality is an abstract concept with a magical touch that has inspired timid millions to revolt in the past. Political philosophers and revolutionaries have used this concept profusely to win over the hearts of the common man. Thus, democracy as a form of government and a way of life can succeed only when there is equality in general and political equality in particular.
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