It is the transformation of Delhi into a capital that controlled vast ares of subcontinent in the beginning  of 13th century. Delhi sultanate is the name of Delhi based 5 major dynasties- Turkish,  Khalji , Tughluq , Sayyid and  Lodi  Dynasties.
The Delhi Sultanate was the name of Delhi-based Muslim kingdoms that ruled over large parts of India for 320 years (1206 – 1526). Five dynasties ruled over Delhi Sultanate sequentially, the first four of which were of Turkic origin and the last was the Afghan Lodi.

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Turkish,  Khalji , Tughluq , Sayyid and  Lodi are the delhi sultanate  Dynasties.