When the East India Company took charge of India -it heavily increased tax on salt. In 1858, the Crown took over the country from the Company but the salt tax was not revoked. Indians were burdened by this as salt had become a sort of luxury item. In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi decided to break the salt law as a symbol of civil disobedience.
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I think, Gandhiji chose to break the salt law because the salt law stated that the British had the right to tax salt. and according to Gandhiji, salt was an essential of food and it was sinful to tax it. So, with his followers and Sarojini Naidu he marched to Dandi and broke the salt law.
Thank you,
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