The new capital required a secure and central location, easily accessible from all parts of the state. The site had to accommodate an initial population of 100 000 . It had to be away from existing towns, with an adequate supply of water, easy drainage and a suitable climate. There was also to be a minimum dislocation to existing landowners and proximity to appropriate building materials for large-scale construction.Chandigarh was seen as a low-density and low-rise city, with a regular traffic system, so reducing cost of roads and infrastructure. his city was to be free of the familiar overcrowding, pavement dwellings and squatters' shanties of many Indian towns.