Some extra questions for class 9 OTBA social science.....ack infrastructural facilities. The water that they fetch is not clean and purified. It is contaminated and attracts flies and mosquitoes. This water is often stored which causes diseases like malaria. Water is not available everywhere in a slum. Women at times have to walk 2-3 kilometers each day to fetch water for their daily needs.
(4) Toilet facilities are not adequate. Slum dwellers are not able to build toilets in their homes. Inadequate sanitation facilities lead to harmful diseases like diarrhoea, jaundice, cholera, parasitic worms etc.
(5) There is lack of job prospects, education, health facilities, along with restrictive social or cultural realities. Also, there is lack of infrastructural provision to meet economic and social needs.
Q. 5. “Dharavi is becoming the green lung stopping Mumbai choking to death on its own waste”. Explain.
Ans. (1) The financial capital of India, Mumbai, is home to the largest slum Dharavi.
Dharavi is the second largest slum of Asia after Orangi. More than half of Mumbai’s ENTERPRISES
population lives in slums.
(2) Dharavi is bustling with informal economic activity. A study by the SPARC (Society for the Promotion of Area Resource Centres) estimates that Dharavi has 4,902 production facilities, with 1,036 in textiles, 932 in pottery, 567 in the leather, 722 in recycling and scrap metal, 498 in embroidery and 152 in food. Furthermore, there are 111 restaurants and several thousand boutiques in Dharavi.
(3) The city of Mumbai generates almost 7,025 tons of waste on a daily basis and for this reason Dharavi remains a land of recycling opportunity for many rural Indians.
(4) Thousands of tonnes of plastic, metal, paper, glass, cotton, metals revolve around in Dharavi each day.
(5) Dharavi is becoming the green lung stopping Mumbai choking to death on its own waste as the recycling factories in Dharavi have saved Mumbai.
Q. 6. What do you understand by the term ‘slum’.
The slum is an informal settlement lacking basic amenities. Explain.
Ans. (1) The word ‘slum’ is often used to describe informal settlements within cities that
have inadequate housing and squalid, miserable living conditions. They are often
overcrowded, with many people crammed into very small living spaces.
(2) These settlements lack basic municipal services such as water, sanitation, waste collection, storm drainage, street lighting, paved sidewalks and roads for emergency access. Most of the slum population also do not have easy access to schools, hospitals or public places for the community to gather
(3) Like all informal settlements, housing in slums is built on land that the occupant does not have a legal claim to and without any urban planning or adherence to zoning regulations.
(4) All slums are not the same, and some provide better living conditions than others. Likewise, slum dwellers are not a homogeneous population, but a diverse group of people with different interests, means and backgrounds.