to this concept, poverty must be seen in terms of the poor having to live only
in a poor surrounding with other poor people, excluded from enjoying social
equality of better -off people in better surroundings.
exclusion can be both a cause as well as a consequence of poverty in the usual
Broadly, it is a process through which individuals or groups are excluded from
facilities, benefits and opportunities that others enjoy .
typical example is the working of the caste system in India in which people
belonging to certain castes are excluded from equal opportunities.