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Effects of Latitudinal extends in india on climate :- Latitudinal is the angular distance between an imaginary line around a heavenly body parallel to its equator and the equator itself. . Latitude effects climate depending on how close you are to the equator. If you are close to the equator then the climate is warmer, if your farther away then it is colder, in general. The reason for this is that the closer you are to the equator, the more directly the sun's rays go through the Earth's atmosphere. This rule is complicated by many things, including ocean currents and weather patterns, but in general: the closer you are to the equator, the warmer it will be.... Effects of Longitudinal extents in india on climate :- Longitudinal going downards rather than across. The main land of Indian sub continent extends between latitudes 8°4'N and 37°6'N and longitudes 68°7'E and 97°25'E. It decides the climate of the subcontinent, its significance in the geo-political position in the world.