The cutting of forest is referred as deforestation.
industrialization led to an increase in the deforestation.
forest were cleared brought under cultivation by the imperialist powers in their colonies.
forest were cut for cultivation,providing wood to make ships, run the stream engine and making railway sleepers.
their was a great demand for these products in Europe.
the colonial government took over the forest, and gave vast areas to European planters at cheap rates.
he set up the Indian forest service in 1864 and also formulated the Indian forest act in 1865.