# If the distance between earth and sun were one-third of its present value, the number of days in a year would be? a) 75 days b) 70 days c) 67days d) 68.5 days

1
by Barbie123

## Answers

2015-04-12T02:59:13+05:30

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We know that
time period T  = 1 year of a planet    and radius = R a re related  as :
T²    α   R³
T2²   = ( R2 / R1 )³  * T1²

R2 = R1/3  given.
=>    T2² = 1/27 * 365² = 4934

T2  = 70.24 days

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velocity of a planet of mass m in orbit around the Sun of mass M :  v
let time period = T = 2π/ω
we have  v = r ω,              ω = angular velocity of the rotation of the planet
let R be the radius of the orbit of the planet.
G = universal gravitational constant

centripetal force = gravitational force between Earth and Sun
m v²/R = G M m / R²
v² = G M / R
v = R ω

=>  ω² = G M / R³
ω = √(GM/R³)

T = 2 π / ω = 2π /√(GM )  * √R³
or T² = 4π² / (GM)    * R³