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2015-04-01T21:48:17+05:30

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Yield for one acre plot = random variable x
μ = mean of the distribution for yield = E (X) = 662 kg
standard deviation = σ = 32 kg

Normal distribution variable = X = (x - μ)/σ
cumulative probability function of the normal distribution: F(X)

Probability p of yield x being in the range 600 kg and 750 kg =  F(600 ≤ x ≤ 750)
  p   = F[ (600 - 662)/32  ≤ X  ≤ (750 - 662)/32 ]
     = F [ -1.9375 ≤ X ≤ 2.75 ]
     = F( X ≤ 2.75) - [ 1 - F( X ≤ 1.9375) ]
 p  = F (X ≤ 2.75)  + F ( X ≤ 1.9375) - 1

  Look up these values  in a standard normal distribution function tables. 
   p = 0.997  + 0.973 - 1  =  0.97  approximately.
 
This is the probability with which a randomly selected plot may produce a yield in the given range.

Number of plots we have =  N = 1000 plots    =  data  sample size.
 
Number of plots which are likely to produce yield in the given range = N * p
       = 1000 * 0.97 =  970 plots.

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