1- The British colonial government in East Africa also encouraged local peasant communities to expand cultivation. s cultivation expanded pasture lands were turned into cultivated fields.
2- Large areas of grazing lands were also turned into reserves likr the Maasai Mara and the Samburu National Park in Kenya and Serengeti Park in Tanzania.
3- Pastoralists were not allowed to enter reserves and forests without their permission.
4-Almost 60% of grazing land was lost .
5-Pastoralists were not allowed to enter the markets in white areas.